Daphnes for Scent and Colour

 


Article by: Geoff Bryant

Anyone with even a passing knowledge of plants , How To Use Feng Shui Oustside Your Home knows that daphnes have wonderfully fragrant flowers. , Pond Supplies - A Must For Your Pond And because some of them - usually the most scented - flower , Pond Supplies - A Must For Your Pond in winter, , Tomatoes: Apples Of Love they're the sort of must-have plants , You Take The Vacation - Not Your Garden that are usually among the first planted in any new garden. , You Take The Vacation - Not Your

There are around 50 species of Daphne, many of which are choice garden , Tips for Decoration specimens. They are widespread lot, ranging from Europe and North Africa to temperate and subtropical Asia. Most of them are evergreen or nearly so, but a few are deciduous, often flowering , Hibiscus Care before the foliage expands.

The plant , To Salt or Not to Salt Your Pond everyone calls , Soil PH...An Important "Key" To Successful Gardening--In Plain English daphne is Daphne odora, particularly the cultivar 'Leucantha' , which is often misspelt 'Leucanthe' . This shrub, , Local Flower Shops a native of China and Japan, sells in vast numbers, mainly on the strength of its perfume, but also because it's a reasonably hardy evergreen bush. It grows , Maintaining Water Quality in a Garden Pond to around 1.5m tall with leathery, deep green , You Can't Beat Perennials For Glorious Color All Season Long leaves up to 80mm long. From mid-winter on into spring , Patio Table Covers it produces clusters of small, starry, pale pink flowers. , Easy Pond Algae Control the Ecologically Safe Way Several flower , Lawn Tractors Were Never a Chore and foliage forms are available and the variety with yellow-edged leaves, 'Variegata' (sometimes called 'Aureomarginata' ), is often hardier and easier to grow , Winterizing Tips for Your Lawn and Garden than the species.

Daphne odora can be quite particular about soil , The Plant Philanthropist conditions and is slightly frost tender in cold winter , Hibiscus Care areas. It does best in cool, moist, humus enriched, well-drained, acid soil , Tomatoes: Apples Of Love in sun , Selecting Your Gardening Tools or light , Cheap Ideas For Garden Landscaping shade. Work in plenty of compost , You Take The Vacation - Not Your Garden or similar organic , Choosing Fish for the Garden Pond matter - it's impossible to use too much - and feed regularly with liquid fertilisers and an occasional side dressing of acid fertiliser. Kept healthy, , Mole Myths: How Can I Get Rid of the Moles Destroying My Yard? D. odora develops quickly and is attractive even without flowers, , Winterizing Tips for Your Lawn and Garden but it isn't a long-lived bush. You can expect to have to replace it at least every 8-10 years.

Because daphnes are so popular, nurseries propagate thousands of them every year. For many years the plants , To Salt or Not to Salt Your Pond were nearly all cutting-raised and with repeated propagation by this method the cutting stocks declined and became badly infected with viral diseases , Tomatoes: Apples Of Love that were transmitted to their progeny. Around fifteen years ago Daphne odora 'Leucantha' was refreshed by producing new plants , You Can't Beat Perennials For Glorious Color All Season Long by tissue culture, thereby eliminating most of the disease , Backyard Landscaping Ideas To Make A Difference In Your Home problems. At the time, the improved appearance of these virus-free "high-health" plants , Stump Grinders - Use Stump Grinders Safely! was remarkable. Although since then new batches of tissue cultured plants , Stump Grinders - Use Stump Grinders Safely! have been introduced, many of the original high-health daphnes were used as cutting stock and now these plants , Backyard Landscaping Ideas are showing viral problems. When buying 'Leucantha' try to ensure that you get a tissue cultured plant , Local Flower Shops or a first or second generation cutting from cultured stock.

Several other species are similar in appearance to Daphne odora and are well worth growing , Storage Sheds as slightly different alternatives to what everyone else has. Of these, Daphne bholua and Daphne laureola are the most commonly available.

Daphne bholua occurs in both deciduous and evergreen forms, but here they all seem to behave as semi-evergreens (or semi-deciduous if you like). It is shrub , Stump Grinders - Use Stump Grinders Safely! up to 3m tall, sometimes rather narrow and open in habit, that like Daphne odora flowers , Choosing Fish for the Garden Pond in winter , Top 5 Secrets to Growing Beautiful Carnivorous Plants and spring. , Starting Seedlings Indoors The flowers , Hibiscus Care are strongly scented, white-tinged-pink and open from deep pink buds. , Top 5 Secrets to Growing Beautiful Carnivorous Plants Black fruits , You Take The Vacation - Not Your Garden (drupes) follow the flowers. , Easy Pond Algae Control the Ecologically Safe Way

First classified in 1825 but slow to enter cultivation, it is one of a group of four species known as paper daphnes because in their home , The history of the gnome. range paper and ropes were made from their bark. It was first recorded in gardens , The Plant Philanthropist in 1938, but didn't really become at all widely grown until the late 1960s to mid 70s.

Native to the eastern Himalayas, it is somewhat tougher than Daphne odora under New Zealand conditions. Though strangely, Britisrel="nofollow" hreferences often rate it as slightly less hardy. Whatever the reason for its local , Tomatoes: Apples Of Love success, just be happy to know that in most of our gardens , Why Teak Coffee Tables Are Essential For Your Outdoor Space it thrives.

Daphne bholua is difficult to raise from cuttings and although it can be grafted, seed , Backyard Landscaping Ideas is the best method of propagation. The seed , Landscaping, An American Pass Time germinates well and while the seedlings are slow to start into strong growth, they gain vigour with age and usually flower , Selecting Your Gardening Tools in their fourth year.

flower , Riding Lawn Mowers it would be easy to mistake the Spurge laurel (Daphne laureola) for a very heavily foliaged form of Daphne odora. However, this European and western Asian native is a much tougher and more adaptable plant. , Easy Lawn Care - Use Clover - Ditch the Pesticide It grows , Soil PH...An Important "Key" To Successful Gardening--In Plain English to about 1.5m tall and has lush, deep green, , Attracting Birds to the Garden evergreen foliage that is capable of tolerating deep shade. Its flowers , The Basics Of How to Plant Container Gardens are fragrant and because they are small and rather a pale green , Soil PH...An Important "Key" To Successful Gardening--In Plain English shade, it's often the scent that strikes one first, locating the flowers , Selecting Your Gardening Tools by sight taking a little longer.

If only for its value as a foliage plant , Stump Grinders - Use Stump Grinders Safely! for dull corners, Daphne laureola could be much more widely grown. The scent is really just a bonus.

You may also see Daphne pontica from the Balkans and western Asia. It too has glossy, deep green, , Coping With Algae in the Garden Pond leathery leaves and fragrant flowers, , Choosing Fish for the Garden Pond sometimes very pale pink , Winterizing Tips for Your Lawn and Garden to white , Easy Pond Algae Control the Ecologically Safe Way but usually a light , Backyard Landscaping Ideas green shade and fragrant.

Iron chlorosis is a potential problem with all of these dark green, , The history of the gnome. large-leaved, evergreen daphnes. When chlorotic, their foliage yellows, though the veins tend to remain green. , The history of the gnome. The answer is to mulch well and to occasionally drench the soil , Attracting Birds to the Garden with an iron sulphate or iron chelates solution. Use iron sulphate at the rate of around a teaspoon per litre of water. , Riding Lawn Mowers

Other daphnes are quite different and may not be what you'd expect if you're familiar with only Daphne odora. The most widely grown, Daphne × burkwoodii, isn't a species but a hybrid between Daphne cneorum and Daphne caucasica. It is a twiggy, densely foliaged evergreen or semi-evergreen bush with matt mid-green foliage and masses of small, fragrant, pink flowers , Easy Pond Algae Control the Ecologically Safe Way in spring. , Hibiscus Care The variegated foliage forms, such as 'Carol Mackie', are probably more widely grown than the plain species and have the advantage of being more colourful when not in flower. , Tips for Garden Decoration

Several other species, such as Daphne cneorum, Daphne retusa, Daphne collina and Daphne × neapolitana are similar in general appearance but vary in size and flower , Attracting Birds to the Garden colour. The smallest of the readily available species is the rock daphne (Daphne cneorum). It grows , Backyard Landscaping Ideas to about 20cm high × 60cm wide and has the reputation of being a difficult plant , The history of the gnome. to cultivate well, although it's definitely worth trying. The form 'Eximea' is a sturdier than the species. Excellent drainage, shelter from really hot summer , Patio Table Covers sun and some winter , How To Use Feng Shui Oustside Your Home chilling seem to be the keys to success.

The exquisite dwarf Daphne arbuscula is a much sought after rockery species with small, evergreen, leathery, deep green , Storage Sheds leaves and fragrant, bright pink flowers. , You Take The Vacation - Not Your Garden It grows , To Salt or Not to Salt Your Pond to about 15cm high × 25cm wide and is one of the best and easiest to grow , The history of the gnome. of the small daphnes, yet it's hardly ever seen in the nurseries and garden , You Take The Vacation - Not Your centres. It's a superb plant , You Can't Beat Perennials For Glorious Color All Season Long with all the merits of the rock daphne and few of its faults, being relatively undemanding about soil , Attracting Birds to the Garden type and very hardy.

If pollinated, its flowers , Patio Accessories Complete The Great Outdoors are followed by small, greyish drupes, which while scarcely a feature, , Patio Accessories Complete The Great Outdoors contain a single seed , Indoor Waterfalls that germinates quite freely if stratified for a few weeks before sowing. Alternatively, sow the seed , Lawn Tractors Were Never a Chore in autumn , Coping With Algae in the Garden Pond in a cool place outdoors, , Flower Bulbs in Dry Climate which should provide the necessary chilling. Layers and semi-ripe spring , Fast, Biologically Active, Highly-Efficient, No-Turn Composting-Really! cuttings will root , The Truth About MTD Snow Blowers but can take quite a while to strike.

The deciduous species are a group that is quite distinct from the others. When in leaf, the most common species, D. mezereum, could perhaps be mistaken for Daphne × burkwoodii, but it's easily distinguished by its habit of flowering , Teak Outdoor Furniture on bare wood , Fast, Biologically Active, Highly-Efficient, No-Turn Composting-Really! in late winter , Types of Annuals in the Garden - Tender, Hardy and Half-Hardy and early spring. , Front Yard Landscaping Ideas - How To Plant And Care For Shrubs Both white- and pink-flowered forms are available.

Many connoisseurs regard Daphne genkwa as the most desirable deciduous species. It too blooms before its foliage develops and the flowers , Kill 'em or Cure 'em : Moving Houseplants Outside for the Summer are lavender and quite large. Although only slightly fragrant, the flowers , Choosing Fish for the Garden Pond are very delicate and pretty. One of this bush's attractions is its young foliage. This, and the new growth, are covered in a fine down, which combined with their coppery colour , Fast, Biologically Active, Highly-Efficient, No-Turn Composting-Really! make them very appealing. Propagation difficulties keep Daphne genkwa a fairly rare plant. , Top 5 Secrets to Growing Beautiful Carnivorous s

Occasionally you'll come across beautiful , Landscaping, An American Pass Time species that make you wonder why we don't grow , Fast, Biologically Active, Highly-Efficient, No-Turn Composting-Really! a wider range of daphnes. Daphne longilobata from Tibet and Yunnan is a favourite of mine. It's not a super-fancy plant , Hibiscus Care and its flowers , Patio Accessories Complete The Great Outdoors are small, white , Coping With Algae in the Garden Pond and only slightly scented, but it appeals to me. Likewise Daphne giraldii, which, while rather more conspicuous in bloom because of its fragrant, bright yellow flowers, , Mole Myths: How Can I Get Rid of the Moles Destroying My Yard? relies on subtler charms for its appeal.

Many of the less common daphnes make marvellous garden , The Truth About MTD Snow Blowers plants but they're seldom seen in cultivation. Some, such as Daphne blagayana, are well worth trying and avaiable with some effort, but others, like Daphne tangutica and Daphne jasminea, are very hard to find and might reward someone enterprising enough to try and popularise them. Until then we should be grateful for the wonderful plants , The World of Herbs we already have, which themselves could be much more widely and imaginatively used.

What's in a name?

The name Daphne is a classic example of how confusing it would be if we relied on common names to identify plants. , Front Yard Landscaping Ideas - How To And Care For Shrubs Daphne was a nymph of Greek Mythology who changed herself into a laurel to escape rape by Apollo. All rather dramatic, but what has a laurel to do with a daphne you may ask. Well, not much, though Daphne laureola is commonly known as the Spurge Laurel. That's presumably because of its large, evergreen leaves, otherwise Daphne as a genus has little to do with Laurus.

I mentioned that Daphne bholua is one of a group of four Himalayan species that were used to produce paper. Looking at the bush that might seem unlikely, but several other genera of the wider daphne family, the Thymelaeaceae, are also used for paper production. Edgeworthia is probably the best known, and in another example of a confusing common name, it is sometimes known as Paper Mulberry, despite being unrelated to the Mulberry (Morus), which is itself used for paper production.

I am a garden , The Plant Philanthropist book author and horticultural photographer based in Christchurch, New Zealand. I run a stock photo library called Country, Farm , Front Yard Landscaping Ideas - How To Plant And Care For Shrubs and Garden , Soil PH...An Important "Key" To Successful ing--In Plain English (http://www.cfgphoto.com). This article may be re-published provided this information , Soil PH...An Important "Key" To Successful Gardening--In Plain English is published with it and is clearly visible.


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