Gallica Roses

 


Article by: Geoff Bryant

Very soon stocks of new season's roses , Home Landscaping Etiquette will be arriving in the garden , Earthworms in the /Earthworm Facts centres, if they're not already there. Indeed, to be sure of getting the most sought after varieties it may have been necessary to put an order in some time ago. However, in their rush for the new, those who are slaves to fashion often overlook gems, leaving some of the best tried and true plants , Water Pond Designs for those prepared to simply wait and see what is available. Gallica roses , Garden Pond Liners are a case in point. While the popularity of Old Roses , The Basic Steps to Bamboo Gardening waxes and wanes as each new generation discovers them and then seeks something new, the best of them carry on regardless.

Rosa gallica, also known as the French Rose , Dutch Tulips or Provins Rose, , Cedar Benches: A Fine Choice for Your Garden is a species that grows , Garden Pond Liners wild from southern and central Europe to the Caucasus. Because it readily produces sports, has a tendency towards double flowers, , Starting a Wild Garden and may have hybridised naturally with other species, it is likely that the earliest European garden , Dutch Tulips roses were forms of Rosa gallica. The earliest recognisable Gallica still grown is 'Officinalis', the Apothecary's Rose. , Are Robotic Lawn Mowers Safe? It is a deep pink , Myths About Lawns semi-double thought to have been introduced into France from the Middle East by returning 13th century crusaders. It has even been suggested that 'Officinalis' was the first cultivated rose, , What Is A Black Orchid - Fascinating But Elusive though that is impossible to prove. A similar rose , Orchids Are One Of Nature's Most Beautiful Flowers was used medicinally and in perfume manufacture in Charlemagne's time, but it can't be traced back beyond around 1200 with any certainty. Nevertheless, 'Officinalis' can be seen in many medieval manuscripts, paintings, , Viburnum and stained glass windows, , Cedar Benches: A Fine Choice for Your Garden and while deep pink , Free Landscaping Ideas - How To Correctly Plant a Tree rather than red, it earned fame in the War of the Roses , Are Robotic Lawn Mowers Safe? as the Red Rose , Starting a Wildflower Garden of Lancaster. (The White Rose , Garden Gazebo - A Stunning Addition to any Landscape of York was Rosa × alba.) 'Rosa Mundi' (syn. 'Versicolor'), which probably dates from the late 16th century, is a very popular sport of 'Officinalis'. It has striped and sectored bicolor white , Abatement Conflicts with Eco-Systems and deep pink flowers, , Double Your Crops and is thought to have been named after Rosamund, a mistress of Henry II. It may date back to the 13th century or even earlier but can't be traced beyond 1580 with certainty. Gallicas were at the height of their popularity from the 18th to the mid-19th centuries, and it is from that period that most of today's plants , Lanscaping - Planning Your Next Project date. Early nurseries kept few records but it is likely that by the early 19th century there were well over 1000 varieties of gallica in cultivation, possibly up to 3000. It is therefore not surprising that several other recognised groups, such as the Damask Roses, , The Basic Steps to Bamboo Gardening have Rosa gallica in their parentage. Their flowers, , Using the Right Hedge Trimmers in Lawn Care which are abundant and often heavily scented, tend toward the pink, , Are Robotic Lawn Mowers Safe? red and purple shades. White , African Violet Care gallicas are also available and many of the darker flowered types are flecked or otherwise marked with white , Getting Started with Garden and Patio Design or pale pink. , Viburnum The flowers , Park Benches - Making the Right Choice appear only in spring , Clematis Care and early summer, , Garden Gazebo - A Stunning Addition to any Landscape with perhaps the occasional late bloom, though vivid hips often follow the flowers, , Cedar Benches: A Fine Choice for Your Garden providing colour , Vegetable Container Gardening well into autumn. , Free Landscaping Ideas - How To Correctly Plant a Tree
The fleeting beauty of the flowers , Invisible Fences and the historical connections is certainly why Gallicas tend to be regarded as the most 'romantic' of all the roses. , What Is A Black Orchid - Fascinating But Elusive It's not hard to see why. Their beautiful, , Free Landscaping Ideas - How To Correctly Plant a Tree rather formal shapes with an air , Outdoor Waterfalls of elegance, their textures and colours, , Fertilizers - What you Need to Feed Your Lawn so often reminiscent of faded purple velvet, and their fragrance combine to create roses , Tips for a Bulb-o-licious Garden of which memories are made. The very name Apothecary's Rose , The Basic Steps to Bamboo Gardening conjures up images of alchemy, love potions and the like. Associations with the French aristocracy also enhance the gallica's romantic appeal. Marie-Antoinette had made in 1770 a bed , Dutch Tulips of 'Officinalis' petals and the Empress Josephine so adored Gallicas that her rose gardens , Are Robotic Lawn Mowers Safe? at Malmaison were a virtual shrine to the type. Many nurseries, especially rose , Cedar Benches: A Fine Choice for Your Garden specialists, stock a good range of gallicas and as you might expect, those that have survived long enough to still be in production in the 21st century tend to be sturdy, easily grown plants. , Myths About Lawns In addition to 'Rosa Mundi' and 'Officinalis' look out for 'Charles de Mills' (double, velvety crimson) 'Cardinal de Richelieu' (double, clustered dark purple red flowers), 'Hippolyte' (double, purple, many small flowers), 'Belle de Crécy', 'Tuscany Superb' (double, dark purple-red, very fragrant), 'Duchesse de Buccleugh' (double, deep pink, , The Basic Steps to Bamboo Gardening late), 'Duchesse de Montebello' (double, soft pink), 'Complicata' (single, bright mid-pink, fragrant), 'Nannette' (double, purple-red), 'Anaïs Ségales' (double, purple-pink, very fragrant), 'Ipsilanté' (double, mauve-pink) and 'Gloire de France' (double, purple-pink fading to pale pink , Step by Step 'Leaf' Stepping Stones edges). Sure, you could wait until next year and check out the local , Start Planning for Your Backyard Water Garden or Pond botanic gardens , Birdfeeders & Birdhouses - The Perfect Outdoor Accessories before making a selection, but take my word for it, gallicas are beautiful. , Turn Your Patio Into A Voluminous Vegetable Garden Why not start your own private Malmaison now?

Cultivation tips

Gallicas are very frost hardy and tend to be fairly small bushes with light , A Storage Bench Provides Much Needed Outdoor Space or bright green , Choosing Fish for the Garden Pond that is usually quite lush. They can be bought budded or may be grown on their own roots. , Landscaping Your Patio Own root plants , Step by Step 'Leaf' Stepping Stones will produce suckers that help to thicken up the bush and will sometimes even allow them to be grown as a hedge. , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction To Hydroponics Gardening For Beginners (Part 10) Nutrients Removing rooted suckers is an easy way to start new plants, , Lanscaping - Planning Your Next Project which is probably why Gallicas were such a suitable subject for medieval plant , Getting Rid of Garden Pests with Less Chemicals propagators. Summer , Park Benches - Making the Right Choice softwood cuttings under mist are reliable and winter , Garden Gazebo - A Stunning Addition to any Landscape hardwood cuttings outdoors , Turn Your Patio Into A Voluminous Vegetable Garden strike quite well. Their compact habit is easily maintained by light , Starting a Wildflower Garden overall trimming and thinning, which can be done in winter , Learn How to Enhance Your Habitat or, if keeping the hips is not important, as soon as flowering , Abatement Conflicts with Eco-Systems is finished. You can even trim and shape in summer , Garden Gazebo - A Stunning Addition to any Landscape and winter , Can Robotic Lawnmowers Save the World or at Least You Money? if necessary. Very old bushes on their own roots , A Look at Fall Flower Bulbs may be cut back almost to ground level to encourage vigorous new growth. Gallicas are bristly rather than really thorny, which makes pruning , Can Robotic Lawnmowers Save the World or at Least You Money? a fairly pain-free experience. Natural , Vegetable Container Gardening ly, you need to keep an eye open for all the traditional pests , Park Benches - Making the Right Choice and diseases , Abatement Conflicts with Eco-Systems of roses, , Starting a Wildflower Garden though you needn't expect more trouble with Gallicas than any other roses. , The Use of Color in Your Landscape Just don't believe those comments you may read that suggest that they are particularly pest- or disease-resistant.

Did you know?

The Greeks and Romans cultivated Rosa gallica, though apart for the odd sport it is unlikely that they grew anything greatly different from the wild form. So should you feel the need to have rose , Getting Started with Garden and Patio Design petals strewn in your path , Orchids Are One Of Nature's Most Beautiful Flowers in the manner of a Roman emperor, they should be those of Rosa gallica.
I am a garden , Tips for a Bulb-o-licious book author and horticultural photographer based in Christchurch, New Zealand. I run a stock photo library called Country, Farm , Vegetable Container Gardening and Garden , Starting a Wildflower (http://www.cfgphoto.com). This article may be re-published provided this information , Earthworms in the Garden/Earthworm Facts is published with it and is clearly visible.

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