Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction To Hydroponics Gardening For Beginners (Part 11) What Is pH?


Article by: John R. Haughton

pH Is The Most Important Factor In Aquaculture.

What Is pH?

pH is the term used to assess the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. This acidity or alkalinity is determined by measuring the concentration of Hydrogen ions in the solution. This normally falls , My Spring Bulbs Won't Bloom - Why? between 10 0 and 10-14 gram-equivalents per litre. In order to simplify this, a scale of values between 0 and 14 has been adopted.

This pH scale is a measurement of how strongly the electrical charges hold the atoms and molecules of substances within the solution together. The higher the concentration of positively charged ions, the lower the value is on the scale and the higher the concentration of negatively charged ions the greater the pH value.

Hydrogen (H+) has a positive charge while the hydroxides (OH-) have a negative charge. Pure water , Daylily 'When My Sweetheart Returns' has a value of 7.0 so it is easy to see that water , A Guide To Japanese Gardens must be H-OH or more commonly H2O.

The decimal points on the scale are very important because each whole number is approximately 10 times greater (or less) than the next whole number. So pH 2.0 is 1000 times stronger than pH5. The greater the concentration of Hydrogen ions in the solution the more acidic it is said to be and the lower its pH on the scale. The greater the number of hydroxide ions the greater the alkalinity (or basicity) it is said to have and the higher its pH.

If we look at the structure of the pH scale, we can see that it goes from 0 (very strong acid) to 7 (neutral) and then to 14.0(very strong Base or Alkali). If we mix an acidic solution with an alkaline one, providing that the positions on the scale are equidistant from the neutral value of 7.0, we will end up with a neutral solution. This is because the positive charges will be cancelled out by the negative ones. If however we use differing positions on the scale, then the resulting imbalance will give us a solution with either acidic or basic properties , Garden Water Feature - The Fish Dish depending on which side had the greater distance from the neutral value.

But Why Is This So Important?

All of the chemicals in the solution have differing electrical charges because each of them is made up of different combinations of elements and ionic values. As they are all competing for the exchange of charged particles, a huge electrical battle is constantly raging within the solution. This constant exchange of positive and negative charges surrounds the plant's root , Your Garden - Start With The Basics system and it is this that allows it to absorb the vital nutrients needed for its growth.

You can think about the chemical battle being a bit like a moving 3D jigsaw puzzle, with the positive and negative charges all having to combine in the correct shape and order. The plant , Outdoor Living Cleanses The Mind, Body, and Spirit can only absorb those bits that fit into its own bits, like a lock , Tips for Planting Flower Bulbs and key. As the levels of pH change, , New Ideas For Your Backyard Landscaping Project so the jigsaw bits alter and no longer open the lock. , Tips for Planting Flower Bulbs In fact the plant , Landscaping Tips itself will, at times, alter its own internal cellular pH in order to either slow down or speed up certain enzyme reactions.

It is vitally important that the pH of the nutrient used in the hydroponic , The Secret to Pruning Apple Trees system matches the plant's own internal pH as closely as possible, otherwise this chemical exchange cannot take place. , Grow the BEST Tasting Tomatoes The main chemicals within the solution, Sodium (Na+), Phosphorous (P+), Calcium (Ca+) and Potassium (K+), together with all the other elements will affect the efficiency of each nutrient's absorption through the root , How to Choose a Snow Blower for Your Garden walls.

Different species of plant , Growing Orchids as House s prefer different pH values. The three main things that affect the pH that a plant , The Secret to Pruning Apple Trees prefers are:

1 The pH of the water , New Ideas For Your Backyard Landscaping Project used.
Your water , Brilliant Beetroot! will not be pure and so will contain charged ions either from deliberately introduced contaminants or from environmentally , My Spring Bulbs Won't Bloom - Why? absorbed ones like Calcium Carbonate from passing through limestone and Sulphurs from acid rain.

2 The growing , Companion Planting medium that you are using.
Rockwool is over pH 7.0, Peat Moss below 6.0 and hardened expanded clay is 7.59.

3 The nutrient you are using.
Nutrients can be mixed in lots of different ways, forming various combinations of elements and so giving a wide variation in pH. Because these chemical combinations behave in different ways they give up their elements to the plant , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage at differing pH values. Therefore the nutrient preferred by the plant , Growing Asparagus determines which the best pH value for that species is.

Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006.
J R Haughton.
--- All Rights Reserved ---
A partner in a thriving retail hydroponics , Re-Potting Your Orchids supply business, Rickie Haughton is the owner of hydroponics-gardening-information.com which aims to cater for all levels of expertise in the field of hydroponics gardening. , Companion Planting The website is packed with good content about all aspects off hydroponics gardening , Roses and Juniper Rock Gardens and offers a free hydroponics , Strawbale Construction Wins Hands Down Club membership to all subscribers.

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