The Secret of Rooting Cuttings

 


Article by: Michael McGroarty

The secret of rooting cuttings can be summed up in two words.

"Timing and technique".

When you do your cuttings is every bit as important as how you do them. So if you do the right thing, at the right time of the year, your efforts are sure to bring success. Through this article you will learn both.

"Rooting Hardwood Cuttings of Deciduous Plants"

Hardwood cuttings are much more durable than softwood cuttings which is why hardwoods are the best technique for the home , Viburnum gardener. A deciduous plant , Dwarf Korean Lilac is a plant , Volumetric Concrete Mixer that loses its leaves during the winter. , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home All plants , How To Start Your Garden From Seeds The Right Way go dormant during the winter, , Lawn Care Tips - Six Easy Steps to a Great Lawn but evergreens keep their foliage. Many people don't consider Rhododendrons, Azaleas, and Mountain Laurel evergreens, but they are. They are known as broad leaf evergreens. Any plant , How To Keep Birds Off Of Your Patio Furniture that completely loses its leaves is a deciduous plant. , Hedge Trimmers Are Tools Not Toys

There are three different techniques for rooting cuttings of deciduous plants. , Starting a Shade Garden... Two methods for hardwood cuttings, and one for softwood cuttings. In this article we are only going to discuss rooting cuttings using the hardwood methods. If you are interested in softwood cuttings, you'll find a very informative article at http://www.freeplants.com

Of the two hardwood techniques is one better than the other? It depends on exactly what you are rooting, what the soil , The Garden As Healer conditions are at your house, , Caring for Your Water Garden Pond and what Mother Nature , Volumetric Concrete Mixer has up her sleeve for the coming winter. , How to Decorate your Outdoor Space without Breaking the Bank

I have experienced both success and failure using each method. Only experimentation will determine what works best for you. Try some cuttings using each method.

When doing hardwood cuttings of deciduous plants, , Winterizing Tips for Your Lawn and Garden you should wait until the parent plants , Light Up the Night! Quick Facts about Outdoor Lighting are completely dormant. This does not happen until you've experienced a good hard freeze where the temperature , The Amazing Hummingbird dips down below 32 degrees F. for a period of several hours. Here in northeastern Ohio this usually occurs around mid November.

Unlike softwood cuttings of deciduous plants, , Volumetric Concrete Mixer where you only take tip , Landscape Design - Well Balanced Home Landscaping cuttings from the ends of the branches, that rule does not apply to hardwood cuttings of deciduous plants. , Porch Swing Places: Where to Put a Porch Swing For instance, a plant , Landscaping With Boulders - Do your Neighbors look at your Yard and say WOW such as Forsythia can grow , Caring for Your Water Garden Pond as much as four feet in one season. , Abatement Challenges of Non-Native Noxious Weeds In that case, you can use all of the current years growth to make hardwood cuttings. You might be able to get six or eight cuttings from one branch. Grapes are extremely vigorous. A grape vine can grow , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home up to ten feet or more in one season. , Herb Farming Is A Profitable Business That entire vine can be used for hardwood cuttings. Of course with grape vines, there is considerable space between the buds, , Garden Folklore: It Starts with the Soil so the cuttings have to be much longer than most other deciduous plants. , Patio Accessories Complete The Great Outdoors The average length of a hardwood grape vine cutting is about 12" and still only has 3 or 4 buds. , The Amazing Hummingbird The bud , Dwarf Korean Lilac spacing on most other deciduous plants , How to Make a Simple Homemade Aeroponics System is much closer, so the cuttings only need to be about 6- 8" in length.

Making a deciduous hardwood cutting is quite easy. Just collect some branches (known as canes) from the parent plants. , Garden Tables Aren't Just Decoration Clip these canes into cuttings about 6" long. Of course these canes will not have any leaves on them because the plant , The Garden As Healer is dormant, but if you examine the canes closely you will see little bumps along the cane. These bumps are bud , How to Make a Simple Homemade Aeroponics System unions. They are next year's leaf buds , A Quick Guide To Yard Bridges or nodes, as they are often called.

When making a hardwood cutting of a deciduous plant , The Garden As Healer it is best to make the cut at the bottom, or the butt end of the cutting just below a node, and make the cut at the top of the cutting about 3/4" above a node. This technique serves two purposes. One, it makes it easier for you to distinguish the top of the cutting from the bottom of the cutting as you handle them. It also aids the cutting in two different ways. Any time you cut a plant , Landscaping With Boulders - Do your Neighbors look at your Yard and say WOW above a node, the section of stem left above that node will die back to the top node. So if you were to leave 1/2" of stem below the bottom node, it would just die back anyway. Having that section of dead wood , Fertilizing Your Water Lilies... underground is not a good idea. It is only a place , Xeriscaping is Waterwise Gardening for insects and disease , Hedge Trimmers Are Tools Not Toys to hide.

It is also helpful to actually injure a plant , How to Choose Between Goldfish and KOI slightly when trying to force it to develop roots. , Caring for Your Water Garden Pond When a plant , April Gardening Tips - Southwest Region is injured, it develops a callous over the wound as protection. This callous build up is necessary before roots , Starting a Shade Garden... will develop. Cutting just below a node on the bottom of a cutting causes the plant , Caring for Your Water Garden Pond to develop callous and eventually, roots. , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home

Making the cut on the top of the cutting 3/4" above the node is done so that the 3/4" section of stem above the node will provide protection for the top node. This keeps the buds , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage from being damaged or knocked off during handling and planting. You can press down on the cutting without harming the buds. , The Garden As Healer

When rooting cuttings this way it helps to make the cut at the top of the cutting at an angle. This sheds water , How to Decorate your Outdoor Space without Breaking the Bank away from the cut end of the cutting and helps to reduce the chance of disease. , Patio Accessories Complete The Great Outdoors Once you have all of your cuttings made, dip the bottom of the cutting in a rooting compound. Make sure you have the right strength rooting compound (available at most garden , Caring for Your Water Pond stores) for hardwood cuttings. Line them up so the butt ends are even and tie them into bundles.

Select a spot in your garden , Lawn Care Tips - Six Easy Steps to a Great Lawn that is in full sun. , April Gardening Tips - Southwest Region Dig a hole about 12" deep and large enough to hold all of the bundles of cuttings. Place , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home the bundles of cuttings in the hole upside down. The butt ends of the cuttings should be up. The butt ends of the cuttings should be about 6" below the surface. Cover the cuttings completely with soil , How to Choose Between Goldfish and KOI and mark the location , Abatement Consideration and Issues in Rural America with a stake, so you can find them again in the spring. , The Basics Of Building Your Own Greenhouse

I know this sounds crazy, but rooting cuttings this way does work. To increase your chances of success you can cover the butt ends of the cuttings with moist peat moss before filling in the hole. Make sure you wet the peat moss thoroughly, then just pack it on the butt ends of the cuttings.

Over the winter , Some Thoughts On Planting Roses the cuttings will develop callous and possibly some roots. , Garden Folklore: It Starts with the Soil Placing them in the hole upside down puts the butt ends closest to the surface, so they can be warmed by the sun, , Growing Sweet Peas creating favorable conditions for root , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home development. Being upside down also discourages top growth. Leave them alone until about mid spring , Xeriscaping is Waterwise Gardening after the danger of frost has passed.

Over the winter , For Lighting Fixtures and Landscape Lighting Get Solar Power Installed the buds , Hedge Trimmers Are Tools Not Toys will begin to develop and will be quite tender when you dig them up. Frost could do considerable damage if you dig them and plant , Florida Homes: Easy Landscaping and Curb Appeal them out too early. That's why it is best to leave them buried until the danger of frost has passed.

Dig them up very carefully, so as not to damage them. Cut open the bundles and examine the butt ends. Hopefully, you will see some callous build up. Even if there is no callous, plant , Patio Accessories Complete The Great Outdoors them out anyway. You don't need a bed , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home of sand , Landscaping With Boulders - Do your Neighbors look at your Yard and say WOW or anything special when you plant , Hedge Trimmers Are Tools Not Toys the cuttings out. Just put them in a sunny location , Hedge Trimmers Are Tools Not Toys in your garden. , Landscaping With Boulders - Do your Neighbors look at your Yard and say WOW Of course the area you chose should be well drained, with good rich topsoil.

To plant , What Is A Black Orchid - Fascinating But Elusive the cuttings, just dig a very narrow trench, or using a spade, make a slice by prying open the ground. Place , Hot Feeding Tips the cuttings in the trench with the butt ends down. Bury about one half of the cutting leaving a few buds , Starting a Shade Garden... above ground. Back fill around the cuttings with loose soil , Tips for Buying Plants Online making sure there are no air , Glider Rocker Cushions - Fanastic Replacement Cushions for Your Favorite Adirondack Furniture pockets. Tamp them in lightly, then water , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home thoroughly to eliminate any air , April Gardening Tips - Southwest Region pockets.

Water them on a regular basis, but don't make the soil , The Flower Drying Game - Part 2: Sand or Glycerin? so wet that they rot. Within a few weeks the cuttings will start to leaf out. Some will more than likely collapse because there are not enough roots , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage to support the plant. , How to Choose Between Goldfish and KOI The others will develop roots , Caring for Your Water Garden Pond as they leaf out. By fall, , Growing Tomatoes Organically the cuttings that survived should be pretty well rooted. You can transplant them once they are dormant, or you can wait until spring. , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage If you wait until spring, , Fertilizing Your Water Lilies... make sure you transplant them before they break dormancy.

There really is no exact science when it comes to rooting cuttings, so now I am going to present you with a variation of the above method. This method still applies to hardwood cuttings of deciduous plants. , Landscape Design - Well Balanced Home Landscaping With this variation you do everything exactly the same as you do with the method you just learned, up to the point where you bury them for the winter. , Xeriscaping is Waterwise Gardening

With method number two you don't bury them at all. Instead, you plant , Abatement Challenges of Non-Native Noxious Weeds the cuttings out as soon as you make them in the late fall, , Light Up the Night! Quick Facts about Outdoor Lighting or anytime during the winter , Aromatic Red Cedar Lawn Furniture - Add A Touch Of Luxury when the ground is not frozen. In other words, you just completely skip the step where you bury the cuttings underground for the winter. , The Garden As Healer Plant , Some Thoughts On ing Roses them exactly the same way as described for method number one. As with all cuttings, treating them with a rooting compound prior to planting will help induce root , Light Up the Night! Quick Facts about Outdoor Lighting growth.

Hardwood cuttings work fairly well for most of the deciduous shrubs. , Abatement Consideration and Issues in Rural America However, they are not likely to work for some of the more refined varieties of deciduous ornamentals like Weeping Cherries or other ornamental trees. , 'Northern Encore' Rose Rooting cuttings of ornamental trees , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage is possible, but only using softwood cutting techniques.

Now let's discuss rooting cuttings of evergreens, using hardwood techniques.

Hardwood cuttings of evergreens are usually done after you have experienced two heavy frosts in the late fall, , The Amazing Hummingbird around mid November or so. However, I have obtained good results with some plants , Light Up the Night! Quick Facts about Outdoor Lighting doing them as early as mid September, taking advantage of the warmth of the fall , How to Decorate your Outdoor Space without Breaking the Bank sun. When doing them this early, they need to be watered every day.

Try some cuttings early and if they do poorly, just do some more in November. Hardwood cuttings of many evergreens can be done at home , Caring for Your Water Garden Pond in a simple frame filled with coarse sand. , Tips for Buying Plants Online

To make such a frame, just make a square or rectangular frame using 2" by 6" boards. Nail , Light Up the Night! Quick Facts about Outdoor Lighting the four corners together as if to make a large picture frame. This frame should sit on top of the ground in an area that is well drained. An area of partial shade is preferred.

Once you have the frame constructed remove any weeds , Creating Low Maintenance Gardens or grass , Dwarf Korean Lilac inside the frame so this vegetation does not grow , How to Decorate your Outdoor Space without Breaking the Bank up through your propagation bed. , 7 Natural Stone Pebble Projects For Every Home Fill this frame with a very coarse grade of sand. , A Quick Guide To Yard Bridges The sand , Florida Homes: Easy Landscaping and Curb Appeal used in swimming pool filters usually works. Mason's sand , Herb Farming Is A Profitable Business is a little too fine. If you have a sand , How Savvy Gardeners Use Mulch To Make Garden Work Easier and gravel , Abatement Challenges of Non-Native Noxious Weeds yard in your area visit the site and inspect the sand , 'Northern Encore' Tree Rose piles. Find a grade that is a little more coarse than masons sand. , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage But keep in mind that most any sand , A Quick Guide To Yard Bridges will work, so just pick one that you think is coarse enough. If water , How To Keep Birds Off Of Your Patio Furniture runs through it easily, it's coarse enough.

Make sure you place , Xeriscaping is Waterwise Gardening your frame in an area where the water , 'Northern Encore' Tree Rose can drain through the sand, , Herb Farming Is A Profitable Business and out of the frame. In other words, don't select a soggy area for your cutting bed. , Herb Farming Is A Profitable Business Standing water , Dwarf Korean Lilac is sure to seriously hamper your results.

Making the evergreen cuttings is easy. Just clip a cutting 4-5 inches in length from the parent plant. , Winterizing Tips for Your Lawn and Garden Make tip , Hot Feeding s cuttings only. (Only one cutting from each branch.) Strip the needles or leaves from the bottom one half to two thirds of the cutting. Wounding evergreen cuttings isn't usually necessary because removing the leaves or needles causes enough injury for callous build up and root , Dwarf Korean Lilac development.

Dip the butt ends of the cuttings in a powder or liquid rooting compound and stick them in the sand , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage about 3/4" to 1" apart. Keep them watered throughout the fall , Tips for Buying Plants Online until cool temperatures , Fertilizing Your Water Lilies... set in. If you have some warm dry days over the winter, , Abatement Consideration and Issues in Rural America make sure you water , Landscape Design - Well Balanced Home Landscaping your cuttings. Keep in mind that sand , The Garden As Healer in a raised bed , Garden Sheds - More Than Just Storage will dry out very quickly. Don't worry about snow. , Lawn Care Tips - Six Easy Steps to a Great Lawn Snow , Volumetric Concrete Mixer covering your cuttings is just fine, it will actually keep them moist, and protect them from harsh winter , Tips for Buying Plants Online winds.

Start watering again in the spring , Abatement Challenges of Non-Native Noxious Weeds and throughout the summer. , The Basics Of Building Your Own Greenhouse They don't need a lot of water, , How Savvy Gardeners Use Mulch To Make Garden Work Easier but be careful not to let them dry out, and at the same time making sure they are not soaking wet.

This method of rooting cuttings of evergreens actually works very well, but it does take some time. You should leave them in the frame for a period of twelve months. You can leave them longer if you like. Leaving them until the following spring , Landscape Design - Well Balanced Home Landscaping would be just fine. They should develop more roots , How to Make a Simple Homemade Aeroponics System over the winter. , Tips for Buying Plants Online

Rooting cuttings of the following plants , April Gardening Tips - Southwest Region is very easy using this method. Variegated Euonymus varieties, Taxus, Juniper, Arborvitae, Japanese Holly, Boxwood, and English Holly. Rhododendrons and Azaleas prefer to have their bottoms warmed before they root. , A Quick Guide To Yard Bridges

You are welcome to use this article on your website or in your newsletter as long as you reprint it as is, including the contact information , How To Keep Birds Off Of Your Patio Furniture at the end. Website URLs must be active links. You are welcome to use this article with an affiliate link, http://www.freeplants.com/resellers.htm

Michael J. McGroarty is the author of this article. Visit his most interesting website, http://www.freeplants.com and sign up for his excellent gardening , Aromatic Red Cedar Lawn Furniture - Add A Touch Of Luxury newsletter.  Article provided by http://gardening-articles.com


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