Viburnum

 


Article by: Geoff Bryant

Viburnums are related to the honeysuckles, so it should come as no surprise that many of them have fragrant flowers. , Garden Folklore: Plants Thrive in Good Company But that's not all they have in their favour. No, this genus includes plants , How to Conquer Caterpillars for all seasons , Early Spring Garden Guide: What To Do In The Yard And Garden Now and all reasons; foliage, flower, , Outdoor Deck Lighting autumn , Chickens in Your Backyard for Fun or Profit colour, scent, groundcover, shrub , Stock Lawn Mower Parts For Greater Availability Of Mowers or small tree, , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones evergreen or deciduous, it's all there among the 120-odd species and the many hybrids and cultivars. Indeed, they're so variable that it would be quite possible to have an interesting garden , Flowers of viburnums alone. Although viburnums can be found over much of the temperate northern hemisphere and even South America, most of the common plants , Pond Spitters Are The Perfect Way To Accentuate Your Pond With Style in our gardens, , The Meanings Behind the Colors of Roses with the exceptions of the Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus) and the Guelder Rose , Outdoor Wood Furniture – Check the Wood Species Before Purchasing (Viburnum opulus), occur naturally in temperate Asia or are derived from the species of that area. About the only drawback with viburnums is that because they are so adaptable and easy to grow, , ing a Sustainable Garden! they seem to have suffered from the 'familiarity breeds contempt' syndrome that sees common plants, , Garden Folklore: s Thrive in Good Company however attractive and useful, relegated to the lower divisions of the garden , Seeding a Lawn league in favour of something more 'exciting'. Well, don't fall , Backyard Landscaping Ideas - A Guide To Evergreen Trees And Shrubs into that trap - every garden , Hurricane Landscaping Considerations needs at least one viburnum.

Foliage

While the obvious division in the genus is between the evergreen and deciduous types, it's not quite that clear-cut. Some of the more popular plants , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds are hybrids between evergreen and deciduous species and are semi-evergreen. This can actually be an advantage because they retain enough foliage to not look bare over winter , Composting for Kids while also developing vivid autumn , Is it Really Teak Wood? Caveat Emptor! (Part Two) tones in the leaves that fall. , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones The very popular Viburnum Γƒβ€” burkwoodii is the best example of this behaviour. The foliage varies, but is in most cases a pointed elliptical shape and deeply veined. Some of the deciduous species, such as Viburnum opulus and Viburnum dentata, have lobed, somewhat maple-leaf-like foliage. Variegated foliage is not common, but where it does occur, the patterns and colours , Outdoor Wood Furniture – Check the Wood Species Before Purchasing can be striking. The variegated form of Viburnum tinus is very popular.

Flowers

Viburnum flowers , Hurricane Landscaping Considerations are nearly always white , Bonsai Trees - Our Own Little Forest or pale pink, , Low Cost Home Landscaping Tips but within that limited colour , Teak Patio Furniture Will Dress Up Your Patio range is found a huge variety of blooms. Although the individual flowers , Patio Design - Add Awnings As A Colorful Finish For Your Patio Design are small, they're massed in heads that in some types are very large indeed. Most often the flowers , Outdoor Deck Lighting are all fertile, but some species have hydrangea-like flower , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones heads in which small clusters of fertile flowers , How To Use Feng Shui Oustside Your Home are surrounded by large sterile ray florets. Cultivars have been raised with flowerheads entirely composed of sterile flowers. , Reblooming Poinsettia A sterile Guelder Rose , Reblooming Poinsettia (Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' [syn. 'Sterile']) in full flower , How to Conquer Caterpillars often droops under the weight of its huge flower , Compost Tea – Tea Time For Your Garden heads. Although spring , Mix Perennials into Your Garden for Staying Power is the main flowering season, , Gardening Supplies many of the most fragrant viburnums start to bloom in winter, , Selecting Your Gardening Tools or even late autumn. , Outdoor Living Cleanses The Mind, Body, and Spirit Because their flowers , Reblooming Poinsettia aren't brightly coloured and insects are fewer in winter, , High Intensity Discharge Grow Light (Generic) they presumably use scent as a means to attract from a greater distance those pollinators that are around. Some, such as Viburnum Γƒβ€” burkwoodii are rarely without a few flowers. , Reblooming Poinsettia

Fruit

In all cases, except for the sterile cultivars, the flowers , Early Spring Garden Guide: What To Do In The Yard And Garden Now are followed by berry-like drupes. While usually interestingly coloured, the drupes aren't always show, though when they are, they can be a real feature. , Indoor Gardening With Foliage Plants The steel-blue fruits , Invisible Fences of Viburnum davidii are very distinctive and the black drupes of Viburnum grandiflorum are particularly large, but my favourite is the so-called High-bush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum), which covers itself with bright red fruit , Growing a Sustainable Garden! in late summer , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones and autumn. , Mix Perennials into Your Garden for Staying Power It seems that just about any plant , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds with showy red berries gets called a cranberry, but although the fruit , Sowing Seeds is edible and can be used as a substitute for cranberry, it isn't the real thing. For the record, the real cranberry, the one of jelly fame, is Vaccinium macrocarpon, a plant , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction to Hydroponics Gardening for Beginners (part 19) Soil Based more closely related to rhododendrons than viburnums.

Cultivation

There isn't much to say here; viburnums are easy. Except for all but a few in the very coldest of New Zealand gardens, , Low Cost Home Landscaping Tips hardiness isn't a problem; they're not fussy about soil , Garden Shed - Using It as a Workshop or Craft Room type; most will grow , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction To Hydroponics Gardening For Beginners (Part 3) Lighting perfectly well in sun , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds or part shade and some will grow , How to Conquer Caterpillars in very dark corners. Good drainage helps but they will tolerate soil , Mix Perennials into Your Garden for Staying Power that's damp for a while. Success with viburnums is not so much a matter of getting them to grow , High Intensity Discharge Light (Generic) but directing and managing the growth they make. Although viburnums are plants , Garden Shed - Using It as a Workshop or Craft Room with an in-built resistance to formal shaping, try to establish a good framework of main branches when the plants , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers are young or they may develop into a mass tangled twigs rather than neat bushes. As soon as possible after flowering, , The Garden Statue - -Stone, Metal, Or Gnome? thin out any congested or weak stems and shorten back the main branches. There's nothing complicated here, it's just matter of letting more light , Patio Table Covers and air , Early Spring Garden Guide: What To Do In The Yard And Garden Now into the centre of the bush and directing the plant's energy , Is it Really Teak Wood? Caveat Emptor! (Part Two) into productive wood , Sowing Seeds rather than spindly growth. If this is done for the first five years or so, you should have well-shaped, heavy flowering plants. , Outdoor Living Cleanses The Mind, Body, and Spirit

What's available

There are many viburnums out there but garden , Composting for Kids centres tend to be rather uninspired in their selection, sticking pretty much to the tried and true. However, pester your local garden , Chickens in Your Backyard for Fun or Profit centre enough and they should be able to get hold of any of the following.

Viburnum bitchiuense

Found in southern Japan and Korea, this 3m tall deciduous shrub , Invisible Fences is beautiful , Spring Gardening Tips in its own right while also being a parent of several attractive hybrids. It has large, strongly fragrant pink flowers , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction to Hydroponics Gardening for Beginners (part 19) Soil Based that fade to white. , Outdoor Wood Furniture – Check the Wood Species Before Purchasing They open in spring , Growing Hibiscus and are followed by black drupes.

Viburnum Γƒβ€” bodnantense (Viburnum farreri Γƒβ€” Viburnum grandiflorum)

A hybrid between two Chinese deciduous species, this 2.5m tall bush has rounded bright green , Early Spring Garden Guide: What To Do In The Yard And Garden Now leaves and small clusters of white flowers , Five Key Factors that Affect your Potted Plants in Winter with a faint pink , High Intensity Discharge Grow Light (Generic) tint. The flowers , Garden Folklore: Plants Thrive in Good Company are very fragrant and appear from late winter , Is it Really Teak Wood? Caveat Emptor! (Part Two) to early spring, , Is it Really Teak Wood? Caveat Emptor! (Part Two) very fragrant.

Viburnum Γƒβ€” burkwoodii (Viburnum carlesii Γƒβ€” Viburnum utile)

Viburnum carlesii is deciduous and Viburnum utile is evergreen, so in the spirit of compromise, their 3m tall offspring is semi-evergreen. Its rounded, bright green , Patio Table Covers leaves have greyish undersides and in autumn , Garden Shed - Using It as a Workshop or Craft Room those that fall , Compost Tea – Tea Time For Your Garden develop intense yellow, orange and red tones before dropping. In mild areas the flowers , Indoor Gardening With Foliage Plants open from late winter, , Pond Spitters Are The Perfect Way To Accentuate Your Pond With Style elsewhere they appear in spring. , Invisible Fences They are white, , Outdoor Wood Furniture – Check the Wood Species Before Purchasing opening from pink buds , The Garden Statue - -Stone, Metal, Or Gnome? and are carried in ball-shaped clusters in spring. , Pond Spitters Are The Perfect Way To Accentuate Your Pond With Style Their fragrance can scent the entirety of a small garden. , Selecting Your ing Tools Several cultivars are grown, of which the compact 'Anne Russell' is probably the most popular.

Viburnum Γƒβ€” carlcephalum (Viburnum carlesii Γƒβ€” Viburnum macrocephalum forma keteleeri)

Sometimes called the Korean Spice Viburnum, this deciduous hybrid grows , High Intensity Discharge Light (Generic) to around 2.5m tall and its flowers , Composting for Kids really do have a spicy fragrance. They open in spring, , Gardening for Wildlife the first blooms being pink , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones while the later flowers , Is it Really Teak Wood? Caveat Emptor! (Part Two) tend towards white-flushed-pink. The flower , Outdoor Wood Furniture – Check the Wood Species Before Purchasing heads are up to 15cm across and complement the large, rather glossy leaves.

Viburnum carlesii

At first sight this native of Korea and Japan resembles the more common Viburnum Γƒβ€” burkwoodii, which is not surprising as it one of that hybrid's parents. However, it is fully deciduous and a more compact plant, , The Basics of Growth; Part 1 Hormones rarely exceeding 1.8m tall. Its flowers, , Five Key Factors that Affect your Potted Plants in Winter in ball-shaped clusters, pink , Outdoor Deck Lighting in bud , Outdoor Deck Lighting opening to white , Gardening Supplies in spring, , The Meanings Behind the Colors of Roses are very fragrant. There are quite a few cultivars of which 'Aurora' (flowers in various shades of red pink , How to Conquer Caterpillars and white) and 'Cayuga' (orange autumn , Patio Table Covers foliage) are the most popular. Others, such as the widely grown 'Chesapeake' are hybrids with Viburnum utile.

Viburnum davidii

While capable of growing , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers to 1.5m tall, this western Chinese evergreen species is more commonly seen as a mounding groundcover. It has bright mid green, , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers glossy, heavily veined leathery leaves up to 15cm long that overlap to form a dense foliage cover. Small clusters of white flowers , High Intensity Discharge Grow Light (Generic) open from late winter , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers to mid-spring and are followed by steel blue , Spring Gardening Tips drupes.

Viburnum dentatum

Known as Arrowwood because of its use for that purpose by native Americans, this large deciduous shrub , How To Use Feng Shui Oustside Your Home or small tree , Sowing Seeds has rather unexciting greenish white flowers , Spring Gardening Tips and is often rather an untidy grower. However, this eastern North American species comes into its own in autumn , High Intensity Discharge Grow Light (Generic) as the black drupes ripen and the foliage develops vivid red tones.

Viburnum erubescens

This early summer-flowering, deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub , Five Key Factors that Affect your Potted Plants in Winter is native to the Himalayas and found in mountainous areas as far south as Sri Lanka. The flowers , Early Spring Garden Guide: What To Do In The Yard And Garden Now are white , Growing a Sustainable Garden! flushed with pale pink , Chickens in Your Backyard for Fun or Profit and are followed by red fruits , Growing a Sustainable Garden! that blacken when ripe.

Viburnum farreri

Although less common than the hybrids raised from it, this 3m tall, northern Chinese, deciduous species is well worth growing , Indoor Gardening With Foliage Plants for its very fragrant pink-tinted white flowers , Outdoor Deck Lighting that open from mid-winter. If pollinated the flowers , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction To Hydroponics Gardening For Beginners (Part 3) Lighting develop into red fruit , Feng Shui In the Garden that blackens when ripe.

Viburnum japonica

Like V. davidii, this evergreen shrub , How To Use Feng Shui Oustside Your Home is most often seen used as a large-scale groundcover, though it's capable of growing , Garden Shed - Using It as a Workshop or Craft Room well over 1m tall. A native of Japan, it has deep green, , Composting for Kids glossy leaves and bronze new growth. Loose clusters of white flowers , Five Key Factors that Affect your Potted Plants in Winter in late spring , The Garden Statue - -Stone, Metal, Or Gnome? are followed by red drupes. Regular trimming after flowering , Garden Shed - Using It as a Workshop or Craft Room will keep it compact.

Viburnum lantana

The Wayfaring Tree, , Feng Shui In the Garden a species widespread in Eurasia, is a deciduous, sometimes tree-like shrub , Sowing Seeds with heads of rather dull creamy-white flowers , Spring Gardening Tips in spring. , The Meanings Behind the Colors of Roses It is grown more for its fruit, , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones which is red ageing to black, and its foliage. The leaves are attractive at all stages, starting out deep green , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds and velvety, aging to dark green , Backyard Landscaping Ideas - A Guide To Ever Trees And Shrubs fine hairs coating their undersides, then developing gold and russet tones in autumn , Hummingbirds … Attracting Those Little Flying Powerhouses before falling.

Viburnum opulus

Found from Europe and North Africa to Central Asia, the Guelder Rose , Stock Lawn Mower Parts For Greater Availability Of Mowers is a large deciduous shrub , Affordable Landscaping to Add Curb Appeal to Your Home with mid green, , Outdoor Accessories: Fashion that Goes Beyond Furniture deeply lobed, maple-like leaves that redden in autumn. , Three Tips for a Better and Cheaper Lawn Rounded heads of white flowers , Outdoor Accessories: Fashion that Goes Beyond Furniture in spring , The Garden Statue - -Stone, Metal, Or Gnome? are followed in late summer , Hummingbirds … Attracting Those Little Flying Powerhouses by red fruit. , Stock Lawn Mower Parts For Greater Availability Of Mowers The bark contains a glucoside, viburnine, that has uses in herbal medicine, particularly in the control of spasms and cramps. 'Roseum' (syn. 'Sterile') is a cultivar with large heads of all-sterile flowers. , Invisible Fences It is known as the snowball tree , Backyard Landscaping Ideas - A Guide To Evergreen s And Shrubs because of the size and colour , How to Plan and Successfully Grow Your Tulip Garden of its flowerheads and is far more widely grown than the species.

Viburnum plicatum

From China and Japan, this deciduous shrub , Five Key Factors that Affect your Potted Plants in Winter grows to around 3m tall and has rounded, mid green, , Outdoor Wood Furniture – Check the Wood Species Before Purchasing hazel-like leaves with serrated edges. Flattened clusters of white flowers , Stock Lawn Mower Parts For Greater Availability Of Mowers in open in spring , Garden Shed - Using It as a Workshop or Craft Room and may be followed by red fruit , Chickens in Your Backyard for Fun or Profit that blackens when ripe. The tiered branches are tiered make this species very distinctive and are a feature , Composting for Kids that is particularly apparent in the cultivar 'Mariesii'. 'Rosacea' is a cultivar with bronze young foliage and pink-tinted, all-sterile flowers , Stock Lawn Mower Parts For Greater Availability Of Mowers in large heads.

Viburnum rhytidophyllum

While this late spring- and summer-flowering Chinese species has reasonably attractive heads of creamy-white blooms, it's really a foliage plant. , Mix Perennials into Your Garden for Staying Power The leaves are up to 20cm long and very heavily textured. The upper surfaces are slightly glossy and the undersurfaces are heavily coated in a grey to tan felt. 'Variegatum' is a cultivar with gold-splashed foliage. If the flowers , Patio Table Covers interest you, look for 'Roseum', which has pinkish red blooms.

Viburnum tinus

Once one of the most popular hedging plants, , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers though not so common now, the Laurustinus is a 3m tall, evergreen shrub , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers from southern Europe and North Africa. It has leathery, bark olive green , The Basics of Plant Growth; Part 1 Hormones and in late winter , Hummingbirds … Attracting Those Little Flying Powerhouses and spring , Mix Perennials into Your Garden for Staying Power puts on a good display white flowers , s that often develop pink , Early Spring Garden Guide: What To Do In The Yard And Garden Now tints. Variegated foliage cultivars often have brighter pink flowers. , Seeding a Lawn

Viburnum trilobum

As described earlier, the High-bush Cranberry is a 2.5m tall, deciduous North American shrub. , The Garden Statue - -Stone, Metal, Or Gnome? It has lobed, maple-like leaves that often turn bright red in autumn. , Gift Ideas for Bird Lovers Flat , Selecting Your Gardening Tools heads of white flowers , Reblooming Poinsettia open in spring , Sowing Seeds and large clusters of very bright red berries in late summer , High Intensity Discharge Grow Light (Generic) to autumn. , Hummingbirds … Attracting Those Little Flying Powerhouses It is one of the best hardy shrubs , Mix Perennials into Your Garden for Staying Power for colour , Backyard Landscaping Ideas - A Guide To Evergreen Trees And Shrubs and quantity of fruit. , A Couple of Good Places to Buy Lawnmowers

****** A little searching, especially through mail order catalogues, will yield quite a few more species, hybrids and cultivars. Or you could try propagating your own. The species may be raised from seed, , Gardening for Wildlife which is usually best stratified, but hybrids and cultivars must be propagated vegetatively, most commonly by semi-ripe cuttings.

I am a garden , Composting for Kids book author and horticultural photographer based in Christchurch, New Zealand. I run a stock photo library called Country, Farm , Outdoor Deck Lighting and Garden , Invisible Fences (http://www.cfgphoto.com). This article may be re-published provided this information , Invisible Fences is published with it and is clearly visible.

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