Winterizing Your Roses

 


Article by: Tom Schneider

A garden , What Type of Gazebo is Right for You? Top Questions You Need to Ask without roses , How to Water Your Houseplants Wisely is, well, it just isn't quite complete. But many gardeners shy away from this best loved of all the flowering plants , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction To Hydroponics Gardening For Beginners (Part 10) Nutrients because of that dreaded gardening , Affordable Landscaping to Add Curb Appeal to Your Home season: Winter. , Wooden Garden Benches

True, winter , Favorite Tea Herbs to Grow in any part of the country is erratic at best and many roses , Companion Planting do require some protection from the extremes, but successful overwintering is not only possible but virtually assured when done on a timely basis.

Winter Kill

Note: Though this article is written specifically for those living in USDA Zone 5, the general guidelines apply to all parts of the country where winter , Online Flower Shops is a factor in plant , Landscape Design - Well Balanced Home Landscaping survivability.

Winter kill is caused by extreme cold , Affordable Landscaping to Add Curb Appeal to Your Home temperatures greater than a plant , Cultivating s In Your Garden...What To Watch Out For can tolerate. It manifests itself in cane or bud , Flower Gardening dieback, graft dieback and sometimes, overwhelming root , How to Choose the Right Bulbs for Your Spring Flower Garden kill. Winter , Landscape Design - Well Balanced Home Landscaping kill susceptibility is often genetic, that is, a specific species or variety is not and never will, be able to survive a winter. , Controlling House Plant Pests

General Guidelines

The Basics

Don't fertilize your roses , Don't Roll that Lawn after August 15. The new growth will likely not sufficiently 'harden off' in time. When the season , Affordable Landscaping to Add Curb Appeal to Your Home is over, after two or three hard freezes, usually late October, cut back any long canes to reduce wind whip. Remove just enough to bring the plant , Brilliant Beetroot! into balance.

After pruning , Don't Roll that Lawn it's a good idea to spray the canes with an antidessicant such as Wilt-Pruf(reg) to minimize moisture , Don't Roll that Lawn loss from winter , Theme Gardens winds. An application usually lasts about 6 weeks.

Once the soil , Flower Gardening is frozen, sometimes well after Thanksgiving in Zone 5, apply a layer of organic , A Choice New Hydrangea With Variegated Foliage mulch 8" to 10" deep over the crown of your roses. , Outdoor Furniture and Glider-Choosing the Right Outdoor Furniture For Your Home The purpose of this protection is not to keep the plants , A Few Simple Facts About Purple Martins warm, (You'll never accomplish that!) but to keep the ground frozen.

Alternating cycles of freezing and thawing causes plant , Vermiculture: Indoor Composting and Organic Soil Improvement to heave, breaking roots, , Wooden Garden Benches often completely exposing them to the drying brunt of winter. , Cultivating Plants In Your Garden...What To Watch Out For

Mulching & Covering

Snow is the best winter , Theme Gardens mulch but not too reliable. Garden , Controlling House Plant Pests soil, mushroom compost, , Don't Roll that Lawn cypress or cedar bark, shredded hardwood, pine needles, and straw , Vermiculture: Indoor Composting and Organic Soil Improvement all work well.

Styrofoam rose , Dream Yard cones are fine but don't cover your roses , Controlling House Plant Pests until early winter. , Your Rose Garden Planting If needed, tie the rose , How to Water Your Houseplants Wisely canes together for a snug fit. The main problem with these types of covers is it can really heat , Cultivating Plants In Your Garden...What To Watch Out For up under there on sunny winter , Gardening days. So if we get into a 'January thaw' period be ready to ventilate.

Don't de-mulch (Is that a word?) or uncover your roses , Dream Yard until the spring , Affordable Landscaping to Add Curb Appeal to Your Home thaw is in full swing. Roses , Don't Roll that Lawn break bud , Companion Planting very early in the spring , Potting Benches: Beautiful and Practical and the tender new growth is often blackened by March & April cold , Planting and Propagating Bulbs snaps. Such damage usually doesn't kill the plant, , Orchid Flowers but it can set it back.

After leaf fall, , The Garden in Winter when the plants , Cultivating s In Your Garden...What To Watch Out For are dormant, remove all fallen leaves and spent roses. , How to Choose the Right Bulbs for Your Spring Flower Garden

Meticulous fall , A Few Things About Flowers clean-up will reduce the overwintering spores of various fungal diseases. , How to Choose the Right Bulbs for Your Spring Flower Garden

A Few Specifics

Miniature Roses

These are usually on their own roots, , Dream Yard not grafted, and are inherently hardier. While they don't require the above protection it certainly won't hurt them and will provide a big degree of comfort when record setting low temperatures , Don't Roll that Lawn plunge toward us unpredictably.

Hybrid Tea, Floribunda, & Grandiflora Roses

To protect or not to protect? It seems that no matter what you do you'll lose a portion of these grafted types every year. If you decide that you want to give them the best possible chance, use whatever above method is most convenient for you.

Climbing Roses

Most commonly available varieties are very hardy in Zone 5. Prune , Cultivating Plants In Your Garden...What To Watch Out For only dead or broken canes; removing healthy , Gardening wood will eliminate many of next year's flowers. , Brilliant Beetroot! If you're really concerned about your climbers and like to wrestle with plants , Gardening with thorns, here's two old time methods of protecting them.
  • Method 1. Wrap & secure the canes with burlap or sheets of Styrofoam. This not only offers a little protection for the rose , Maintaining Your Landscaped Yard but also provides your landscape , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds with a unusual winter , Favorite Tea Herbs to Grow sculpture.
  • Method 2. Loosen and untangle the canes from their support. Tie them together. Arch the canes near the base so they don't break and bury them in a trench. Then completely cover them with mulch to a depth of 6".


Tree Roses

If you don't protect a Tree , A Choice New Hydrangea With Variegated Foliage Rose during Midwestern winter , How to Choose the Right Bulbs for Your Spring Flower Garden it will die. Simple as that. The graft, the most vulnerable part of the plant, , Orchid Myths -The Truth cannot be left exposed to winter , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds weather. Hopefully you left your tree , A Few Simple Facts About Purple Martins rose in a container. If so, overwintering is a snap. Just move the pot , Weed Control Facts - Winning the Battle of the Weeds into shed , Planting and Propagating Bulbs or an unheated garage , How to Kill Poinsettia and check it for water , Common Landscape Design Features once a month or so. (Plants do dry out in the winter. , Brilliant Beetroot! )

If you planted your Tree , Selecting the Right Roses for Your Garden Rose here's what you need to do. With a sharp spade cut the roots , Hydroponics Gardening - An Introduction To Hydroponics Gardening For Beginners (Part 10) Nutrients around half the plant. , Gardening Lay it over into a trench and completely cover (bury) it with 6" of soil. , Trees

Not enough room , Testing Your Soil in your bed , Favorite Tea Herbs to Grow to do that? Then it's time to make another sculpture (See Climbing Roses , Brilliant Beetroot! above.) Drive a secure stake in the soil , Gallica Roses next to the rose. , Companion Planting Tie the plant , How to Choose the Right Bulbs for Your Spring Flower Garden to it. This is to keep it from bending and cracking during gales. Next build a cage out of chicken wire around the rose. , Outdoor Furniture and Glider-Choosing the Right Outdoor Furniture For Your Home Fill the cage with straw. , A Few Simple Facts About Purple Martins Then wrap burlap around the cage and secure with strong twine.

Rugosa Roses

This class needs no protection whatsoever. Seriously. They are extremely hardy roses, , Flower Gardening surviving even into the Hudson Bay region of Canada.

Heirloom, Modern Shrub, , Greenscapes: Energy Efficient Landscaping English, Romantica, Buck, Towne & Country , New Generation Roses , Selecting the Right s for Your Garden and National Parks

All these types and varieties are very hardy at least into Zone 5 and require no specific winter , A Choice New Hydrangea With Variegated Foliage protection. If you're still a bit leery, it won't hurt to protect them, especially the first winter , Outdoor Furniture and Glider-Choosing the Right Outdoor Furniture For Your Home after planting. After all, who knows how severe the winter , Dream Yard will be? Cut back any long, lanky canes and mulch as you would a Hybrid Tea.
Tom Schneider is a horticulturist, avid gardener and retired arborist. When not enjoying his Midwestern garden , Growing Tomatoes Organically he is assisting his wife, Deb, with their business, Windstar Embroidery.
Visit Tom and Deb for embroidered linens and gifts and machine embroidery designs. , Potting Benches: Beautiful and Practical

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